The reference site for Salbutamol

Salbutamol, also known as albuterol and marketed as Ventolin among other names, is a medication that opens up the medium and large airways in the lungs.

WHAT IS Salbutamol?

Salbutamol (INN) or albuterol (USAN) is used to treat bronchospasms (wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath) associated with lung-related problems such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and other lung-related problems such as COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).

It works by relaxing the muscles and air passages in the lungs so that air can flow into them more freely and improve breathing.

This medicine is also useful for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm, as well as indicated in hyperkalemia, especially in patients with renal failure.

Salbutamol is sold worldwide under several brand names, including Airomir®, Asthalin®, Asmol®, Buventol®, Proventil®, Salamol®, Sultanol®, Ventolin® and Volmax®.

Brand Name(s): Airomir; Asthalin; Asmol; Buventol; Proventil; Salamol; Sultanol; Ventolin; Volmax
CAS nº: 18559-94-9
(sal BYOU tah mol)

 

Product Info

The sections below will provide you with more specific information and guidelines related to salbutamol and its correct use. Please read them carefully.

FDA Information

Salbutamol or albuterol first became available in the United Kingdom in 1969 and in the United States in 1980 under the trade name Ventolin®. A prescription is required for this medicine.

Please visit the official site of the FDA for further information.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Salbutamol (INN) or albuterol (USAN) is used to treat bronchospasms (wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath) associated with lung-related problems such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and other lung-related problems such as COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).

It works by relaxing the muscles and air passages in the lungs so that air can flow into the them more freely and improve breathing.

This medicine is also useful for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm, as well as indicated in hyperkalemia, especially in patients with renal failure.

Other uses for this medicine

Salbutamol can also be used as a tocolytic to relax the uterine smooth muscle to delay premature labour.

Additionally, inhaled salbutamol is sometimes used to treat or improve muscle paralysis in patients with a condition that causes occasional paralysis and to treat high potassium levels in patients with kidney failure.

Despite these alternative uses, it is strongly advised that you talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this drug for your particular condition.

Dosage and using this medicine

Salbutamol comes as an orally-administered tablet, extended-release (long-acting) tablet, a syrup, an aerosol, a solution (liquid), and as a powder-filled capsule. The solution is inhaled using a nebulizer, and the powder-filled capsules are inhaled using a special dry powder inhaler. Salbutamol tablets and syrup are usually taken three or four times a day, and extended-release tablets are usually taken twice a day.

For the treatment or prevention of asthma symptoms, the oral inhalation is usually taken every 4 to 6 hours as needed. For the prevention of bronchospasm during exercise, the oral inhalation is used 15 minutes before exercise. The nebulized solution is used three or four times a day.

It is important that you follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take salbutamol exactly as directed, and never take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Swallow the extended-release tablets whole. Do not split, chew, or crush them.

Salbutamol controls symptoms of asthma and other lung diseases but does not cure them. Do not stop taking salbutamol without talking to your doctor.

Moreover, before you use the salbutamol inhaler for the first time, read the written instructions that come with it, and ask your doctor, pharmacist, or respiratory therapist to show you how to use it. Practice using the inhaler while he or she watches.

Before using the aerosol inhaler for the first time and any time it has not been used in more than 4 weeks, ”test spray” the inhaler. Do this by spraying 4 times into the air.

To use the aerosol inhaler, follow these steps:

– Shake the inhaler well.

– Remove the protective cap.

– Exhale (breathe out) as completely as possible through your nose while keeping your mouth shut.

– Open Mouth Technique: Open your mouth wide, and place the open end of the mouthpiece about 1-2 inches from your mouth.
– Closed Mouth Technique: Place the open end of the mouthpiece well into your mouth, past your front teeth. Close your lips tightly around the mouthpiece.

– Take a slow, deep breath through the mouthpiece and, at the same time, press down on the container to spray the medication into your mouth. Be sure that the mist goes into your throat and is not blocked by your teeth or tongue. Adults giving the treatment to young children may hold the child’s nose closed to be sure that the medication goes into the child’s throat.

– Hold your breath for 5-10 seconds, remove the inhaler, and exhale slowly through your nose or mouth. If you take two puffs, wait 2 minutes and shake the inhaler well before taking the second puff.

– Replace the protective cap on the inhaler.

– After each treatment, rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash.

If you have difficulty getting the medication into your lungs, a spacer (a special device that attaches to the inhaler) may help; ask your doctor, pharmacist, or respiratory therapist for more information.

Use only the adapter that comes with your canister. Do not use the adapter with any other product canister.

To use the dry powder inhaler, follow these steps:

– Remove the inhaler from its container and check to make sure it is clean and dry. Make sure that there are no objects in the mouthpiece.

– Keep the inhaler upright and hold the darker-colored end in one hand. Turn the lighter-colored end as far as it can go in either direction.

– Take a powder-filled capsule from its pack and place the clear (thinner) end of the capsule in the raised hole in the lighter-colored end of the inhaler. If there is a used capsule shell in the inhaler, it will be pushed into the chamber.

– Push the new capsule in until it is even with the top of the hole in the inhaler.

– Hold the inhaler level (horizontally) with the white dot uppermost, and turn the lighter-colored end (where the capsule was put in) as far as it will go in the opposite direction. This will open the capsule.

– Keep the inhaler level. Breathe out as far as you comfortably can. Raise the inhaler to your mouth and gently put the mouthpiece (darker-colored end) between your teeth and lips. Do not push the inhaler further inside your mouth than your teeth.

– Hold the dark blue part of the inhaler so you won’t accidentally inhale the device.

– Breathe in through your mouth as quickly and as deeply as you comfortably can.

– Hold your breath for a short time, then remove the inhaler from your mouth and breathe out.

– If your doctor has told you to inhale 2 capsules, repeat steps 2-9.

What special precautions should I follow?

BEFORE TAKING SALBUTAMOL:

Tell your doctor if you have heart disease or high blood pressure, epilepsy or another seizure disorder, diabetes, an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty swallowing, liver disease, or kidney disease. You may not be able to take salbutamol or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above.

Moreover, please inform your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines: a beta-blocker such as atenolol (Tenormin®), metoprolol (Lopressor®, Toprol XL®), propranolol (Inderal®), acebutolol (Sectral®), bisoprolol (Zebeta®), carteolol (Cartrol®), carvedilol (Coreg®), labetalol (Normodyne®, Trandate®), nadolol (Corgard®), or pindolol (Visken®); a tricyclic antidepressant such as amitriptyline (Elavil®), doxepin (Sinequan®), nortriptyline (Pamelor®), amoxapine (Asendin®), clomipramine (Anafranil®), desipramine (Norpramin®), imipramine (Tofranil®), or protriptyline (Vivactil®); a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) such as isocarboxazid (Marplan®), phenelzine (Nardil®), or tranylcypromine (Parnate®); another oral or inhaled bronchodilator; or caffeine, diet pills, or decongestants. You may not be able to take salbutamol, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you are taking any of the medications listed above.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with salbutamol or affect your condition. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including herbal products.

Salbutamol is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether it will harm an unborn baby. Do not take salbutamol without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment.

Furthermore, it is not known whether salbutamol passes into breast milk. Do not take salbutamol without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Avoid situations that may worsen your respiratory condition such as exercising in cold or dry air, smoking, breathing in dust, and exposure to allergens such as pet fur.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you are using this medicine regularly and you miss a dose, use it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and take the next one as directed.

It is strongly advised never to take a double dose of this medication.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Stop taking salbutamol and seek emergency medical attention if you experience any of the following serious side effects:

an allergic reaction (such as difficulty breathing, closing of your throat, swelling of your lips, tongue, or face, or hives)
chest pain
irregular heartbeats

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take Salbutamol and talk to your doctor if you experience:

headache
dizziness or lightheadedness
insomnia
tremor or nervousness
sweating
nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
dry mouth

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

What storage conditions are needed for this medicine?

Store the Volmax® brand of salbutamol tablets in the refrigerator between 36 and 46 degrees Fahrenheit (2 and 8 degrees Celsius).

Store all other forms of salbutamol at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Always keep this medication out of reach of children.

Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. If you have any questions, please talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

In case of an emergency/overdose

In the case of an overdose, call your local poison control center on 1-800-222-1222. However, if the victim has collapsed or is not breathing,  then please call the local emergency services on 911.

Symptoms of a salbutamol overdose may include:

angina or chest pain
irregular heartbeats or a fluttering heart
seizures
tremor
weakness
headache
nausea
vomiting

Product Images

PICTURES OF SALBUTAMOL PRODUCTS

Below you will find images and specific information on the principal types of salbutamol that exist, including their respective brand name(s), strength, inscription codes, manufacturers and/or distributors.

The information below includes general information and guidelines for patients taking this medication and should never be used to substitute professional medical advice that can be provided by a qualified physician or family doctor.

Name: SALBUTAMOL
Strength(s): 200 MCG
Imprint: SALBUTAMOL AEROSOL
Manufacturer: JEWIM PHARMACEUTICALS

Name: SALBUTAMOL
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: SALBUTAMOL
Manufacturer: PHARMEDIC

Name: SALBUTAMOL
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: SALBUTAMOL
Manufacturer: POLFA

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 2 MG – 5 ML
Imprint: ALBUTEROL SYRUP
Manufacturer: TEVA PHARMACEUTICALS

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 2 MG – 5 ML
Imprint: ALBUTEROL SYRUP
Manufacturer: HI TECH PHARMACEUTICALS

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 2 MG – 5 ML
Imprint: ALBUTEROL SYRUP
Manufacturer: ALPHARMA USPD Inc.

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 0.083 %
Imprint: ALBUTEROL INHALATION SOLUTION
Manufacturer: IVAX PHARMACEUTICALS

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 0.083 %
Imprint: ALBUTEROL INHALATION SOLUTION
Manufacturer: WARRICK PHARMACEUTICAL CORP.

Name: PROVENTIL®
Strength(s): 2.5 MG – 3 ML
Imprint: PROVENTIL INHALATION SOLUTION
Manufacturer: SCHERING CORP.

Name: PROVENTIL®
Strength(s): 5 MG – ML
Imprint: PROVENTIL SOLUTION
Manufacturer: SCHERING CORP.

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 90 MCG
Imprint: ALBUTEROL INHALER
Manufacturer: ARMSTRONG PHARMACEUTICALS

Name: ALBUTEROL
Strength(s): 90 MCG
Imprint: ALBUTEROL INHALER
Manufacturer: IVAX PHARMACEUTICALS

Name: VENTOLIN®
Strength(s): 90 MCG
Imprint: VENTOLIN INHALER
Manufacturer: GLAXOSMITHKLINE

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